Total solar eclipse 2015

Sky-gazers in the remote Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard witnessed a total solar eclipse Friday under perfect weather conditions. The total eclipse lasted for 2 minutes and 45 seconds in the Faroes Islands — the only other place on land where the eclipse was total. A partial solar eclipse could be seen across Europe and parts of Asia and Africa. A solar eclipse happens when the moon lines up between the sun and the Earth. This casts a lunar shadow on the Earth's surface and obscures the sun. A total eclipse also offers a full view of the sun's corona — a faint ring of rays surrounding the moon. During a partial eclipse, only part of the sun is blotted out. The total solar eclipse coincided with the spring equinox, one of two occasions each year when the day is equal in length to the night.

Solar eclipse Faroe IslandsSolar eclipse Faroe Islands
A total solar eclipse is visible through the clouds as seen from Vagar on the Faeroe Islands, Friday, March 20, 2015. Apart from a few small breaks, a blanket of clouds in the Faeroe Islands blocked thousands of people there from experiencing the full effect of the total eclipse. (AP Photo/Eric Adams)
Solar eclipse Faroe IslandsSolar eclipse Faroe Islands
The moon passes between the sun and the earth after the totality phase of a total solar eclipse as seen from a hill beside a hotel on the edge of the city overlooking Torshavn, the capital of the Faeroe Islands, Friday, March 20, 2015. A blanket of clouds in the Faeroe Islands blocked thousands of people there from experiencing the full effect of the total eclipse. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
Solar eclipse Faroe IslandsSolar eclipse Faroe Islands
Eclipse decorated mugs are displayed for sale in a store in Torshavn, the capital city of the Faeroe Islands, Thursday, March 19, 2015. For months, even years, accommodation on the remote Faeroe Islands has been booked out by fans who don't want to miss an almost three-minute-long astronomical sensation. Now they just have to hope the clouds will blow away so they can fully experience Friday's brief total solar eclipse. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
Solar eclipse Faroe IslandsSolar eclipse Faroe Islands
The sun is seen during an eclipse in Marseille, southern France, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Claude Paris)
Solar eclipse FranceSolar eclipse France
A dog, named Patatte, has protective glasses put on by her owner during a solar eclipse in the sky in Nice, southeastern France, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau)
Solar eclipse FranceSolar eclipse France
A seagull flies in front of a partial solar eclipse in the sky of Nice, southeastern France, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau)
Solar eclipse HungarySolar eclipse Hungary
A view of a solar eclipse seen behind a minaret in Eger, 127 kms northeast of Budapest, Hungary, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/MTI, Peter Komka)
Solar eclipse ItalySolar eclipse Italy
The moon starts to block the sun during a solar eclipse next to a statue of the Duomo gothic cathedral in Milan, Italy, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Antonio Calanni)
Solar eclipse ItalySolar eclipse Italy
The sun is seen during an eclipse between two statues of the Duomo gothic cathedral in Milan, Italy, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Antonio Calanni)
Solar eclipse KosovoSolar eclipse Kosovo
Students observe with the help of a telescope the solar eclipse in Kosovo capital Pristina on Friday, March 20, 2015. Clouds moving over the country allowed only brief views of the eclipse which in southern Europe was partial. (AP Photo/Visar Kryeziu)
Solar eclipse KosovoSolar eclipse Kosovo
Clouds shield the solar eclipse in Kosovo village of Laplje Selo on Friday, March 20, 2015. Clouds moving over the country allowed only brief views of the eclipse which in southern Europe was partial. (AP Photo/Visar Kryeziu)
Solar eclipse MacedoniaSolar eclipse Macedonia
The moon starts to block the sun during a solar eclipse seen through clouds, in Skopje, Macedonia, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse, a rare solar event, is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in the last total solar eclipse in Europe for over a decade (AP Photo/Boris Grdanoski)
Solar eclipse EgyptSolar eclipse Egypt
An Egyptian uses special glasses to view a partial solar eclipse as people gather near the Sphinx at the Giza Pyramids on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, Friday, March 20, 2015. The partial eclipse was visible across Europe and parts of Asia and Africa, while sky-gazers in the Arctic were treated to a perfect view of a total solar eclipse as the moon completely blocked out the sun in a clear sky. (AP Photo/Khaled Kamel)
Solar eclipse Gaza StripSolar eclipse Gaza Strip
The moon and the sun overlap in a partial solar eclipse above the Gaza Strip, Friday, March, 20, 2015. The partial eclipse was visible across Europe and parts of Asia and Africa, while sky-gazers in the Arctic were treated to a perfect view of a total solar eclipse as the moon completely blocked out the sun in a clear sky, casting a shadow over Norwayís remote archipelago of Svalbard.(AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
People view the total solar eclipse in Svalbard, Norway Friday March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Haakon Mosvold Larsen, NTB Scanpix) NORWAY OUT
Solar eclipse RussiaSolar eclipse Russia
The moon blocks part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen over a fragment of statue at the one of the city landmarks, the General Staff Headquarters in St.Petersburg, Russia, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)
Solar eclipse RussiaSolar eclipse Russia
On this photo taken through a solar filter material, the moon blocks part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen over Moscow Kremlin's Troitskaya (Trinity) tower, in Russia, on Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade.(AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Solar eclipse RussiaSolar eclipse Russia
The moon blocks part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen over a statue at the one of the city landmarks, the General Staff Headquarters in St.Petersburg, Russia, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)
Solar eclipse RussiaSolar eclipse Russia
The moon blocks part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen over a fragment of statue at the one of the city landmarks, the General Staff Headquarters in St.Petersburg, Russia, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)
Solar eclipse RussiaSolar eclipse Russia
People use a lung x-ray to see the moon blocking part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen in Moscow, Russia, on Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
Solar eclipse TunisiaSolar eclipse Tunisia
The Tunisian flag flies as the sun is seen during an eclipse in Tunis, Tunisia, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of the world on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
A woman uses two sheets of paper as the sun is obscured by the moon during a partial solar eclipse at Skegness seafront in Lincolnshire, north England on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / LINDSEY PARNABY)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
A partial solar eclipse of the sun is visible over Glasgow, Scotland on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN)
Solar eclipse GermanySolar eclipse Germany
A bird flies past the crucifix on a church during a partial solar eclipse on March 20, 2015 in Visselhoevede, northwestern Germany. A partial eclipse of varying degrees was visible, depending on weather conditions, across most of Europe, northern Africa, northwest Asia and the Middle East, before finishing its show close to the North Pole. (AFP PHOTO / DPA / DANIEL REINHARDT)
Solar eclipse GermanySolar eclipse Germany
A boy has taped a special filter over his eye to watch a partial solar eclipse on March 20, 2015 in Kassel, central Germany. A partial eclipse of varying degrees was visible, depending on weather conditions, across most of Europe, northern Africa, northwest Asia and the Middle East, before finishing its show close to the North Pole. (AFP PHOTO / DPA / UWE ZUCCHI)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
A person poses with a solar-tracking app to locate the current position of the sun in Regent's Park, central London during the partial solar eclipse on March 20, 2015. Hundreds of people optimistically gathered to view the rare solar event but the views were spoiled by thick cloud. (AFP PHOTO / LEON NEAL)
Solar eclipse GermanySolar eclipse Germany
A combo of 14 pictures taken on March 20, 2015 in Gaiberg near Heidelberg, southwestern Germany, shows a partial solar eclipse from the beginning (L) to the end (R). A partial eclipse of varying degrees was visible, depending on weather conditions, across most of Europe, northern Africa, northwest Asia and the Middle East, before finishing its show close to the North Pole. (AFP PHOTO / DANIEL ROLAND)
Solar eclipse SpainSolar eclipse Spain
A person uses a pair of binoculars to watch the moon pass infront of the Earth's star marking a total eclipse, the only one this year, in Vigo, northwestern Spain on March 20, 2015. The Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, located 1,300 kilometres (800 miles) from the North Pole, is along with the Faroe Islands the only place the total eclipse will be visible, assuring three minutes of total darkness when the moon totally blocks the sun. (AFP PHOTO/ MIGUEL RIOPA)
Solar eclipse VaticanSolar eclipse Vatican
A girl uses a protective glass to watch a partial eclipse of the sun at the Vatican on March 20, 2015 in Rome. (AFP PHOTO / ANDREAS SOLARO)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
School children gather to view the partial solar eclipse at the Glasgow Science Centre in Glasgow, Scotland on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
A partial solar eclipse is visible through a break in the cloud cover over Scarborough, Northern England on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / OLI SCARFF)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
People watch a total solar eclipse from Longyearbyen, Svalbard, an archipeligo administered by Norway on March 20, 2015. Thousands gathering here as the only land the total eclipse will be seen from is on Svalbard and the Faoroe Islands off Iceland. (AFP PHOTO / STAN HONDA)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
"Second contact" is seen with solar prominences (red object at top left of disk) as the sun begins to move completely behind the moon during a total solar eclipse as viewed from Longyearbyen, Svalbard, an archipeligo administered by Norway on March 20, 2015. Thousands gathering here as the only land the total eclipse will be seen from is on Svalbard and the Faoroe Islands off Iceland. (AFP PHOTO / STAN HONDA)
Solar eclipse PortugalSolar eclipse Portugal
Performers play instruments at sunrise on March 20, 2015, near a pre-historic stone shrine aligned to the Spring Equinox in Chas, northeast Portugal during a total eclipse, the only one this year. The Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, located 1,300 kilometres (800 miles) from the North Pole, is along with the Faroe Islands the only place the total eclipse will be visible, assuring three minutes of total darkness when the moon totally blocks the sun. (AFP PHOTO/ FRANCISCO LEONG)
Solar eclipse PortugalSolar eclipse Portugal
People use protective filters as they watch as the moon passes infront of the Earth's star marking the begining of a total eclipse, the only one this year, near a pre-historic stone shrine aligned to the Spring Equinox in Chas, northeast Portugal on March 20, 2015. The Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, located 1,300 kilometres (800 miles) from the North Pole, is along with the Faroe Islands the only place the total eclipse will be visible, assuring three minutes of total darkness when the moon totally blocks the sun. (AFP PHOTO/ FRANCISCO LEONG)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
A partial solar eclipse of the sun is visible in Glasgow, Scotland on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN)
Solar eclipse AustriaSolar eclipse Austria
A partial solar eclipse is visible over a statue located at the rooftop of Austrian Art History Museum in Vienna on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / JOE KLAMAR)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
This combo of different phases of the solar eclipse seen from Longyearbyen, Svalbard, an archipeligo administered by Norway, on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / NTB SCANPIX / Jon Olav Nesvold)
Solar eclipse BritainSolar eclipse Britain
A combination of five pictures shows the motion of the moon as it passes the face of the sun during a partial solar eclipse seen through a break in the cloud cover over Scarborough, Northern England on March 20, 2015. (AFP PHOTO / OLI SCARFF)
Solar eclipse AustriaSolar eclipse Austria
A partial solar eclipse visible over a statue located at the rooftop of Austrian Art History Museum in Vienna on March 20, 2015. (PHOTO / JOE KLAMAR)
Solar eclipse AustriaSolar eclipse Austria
A man uses protective glasses to catch a glimpse of a solar eclipse visible from the Museum of Natural History in Vienna on March 20, 2015. A partial eclipse of varying degrees is visible, depending on weather conditions, across most of Europe, northern Africa, northwest Asia and the Middle East, before finishing its show close to the North Pole. (AFP PHOTO / JOE KLAMAR)
Solar eclipse IsraelSolar eclipse Israel
A picture taken on March 20, 2015 shows a partial solar eclipse of the sun visible over the Israeli coastal city of Tel Aviv. (AFP PHOTO / JACK GUEZ)
Solar eclipse FranceSolar eclipse France
A group of women use protective glasses and joke since they are not able to see the solar eclipse due to a cloudy sky on March 20, 2015 at Meudon observatory in Meudon, near Paris, on March 20, 2015. All eyes were turned to the heavens early Friday for a solar eclipse offering spectacular views from selected airplane seats, European countries with clear skies and a remote Arctic archipelago. (AFP PHOTO / DOMINIQUE FAGET)
Solar eclipse BelarusSolar eclipse Belarus
Men look on March 20, 2015 at a partial solar eclipse of the sun in Minsk. (AFP PHOTO / MAXIM MALINOVSKY)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
A total solar eclipse can be seen in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, on March 20, 2015. A partial eclipse of varying degrees is visible, depending on weather conditions, across most of Europe, northern Africa, northwest Asia and the Middle East, before finishing its show close to the North Pole. (AFP PHOTO / NTB SCANPIX / JON OLAV NESVOLD)
Solar eclipse GermanySolar eclipse Germany
A combo of 16 pictures taken on March 20, 2015 in Gaiberg near Heidelberg, southwestern Germany, shows a partial solar eclipse from the beginning (top, L) to the end (bottom, R). A partial eclipse of varying degrees is visible, depending on weather conditions, across most of Europe, northern Africa, northwest Asia and the Middle East, before finishing its show close to the North Pole. (AFP PHOTO / DANIEL ROLAND)
Solar eclipse BosniaSolar eclipse Bosnia
A solar eclipse is seen through a dark glass plate in Sarajevo, Bosnia, on Friday, March 20, 2015. Solar eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Amel Emric)
Solar eclipse ItalySolar eclipse Italy
The moon starts to block the sun during a solar eclipse over a statue of the Duomo gothic cathedral in Milan, Italy, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
The total solar eclipse seen from Svalbard, Norway Friday March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Haakon Mosvold Larsen, NTB Scanpix)
Solar eclipse NorwaySolar eclipse Norway
People view the total solar eclipse in Svalbard, Norway Friday March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Haakon Mosvold Larsen, NTB Scanpix)
APTOPIX Norway Europe Solar EclipseAPTOPIX Norway Europe Solar Eclipse
The total solar eclipse seen from Svalbard, Norway Friday March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Haakon Mosvold Larsen, NTB Scanpix) NORWAY OUT
APTOPIX Russia Europe Solar EclipseAPTOPIX Russia Europe Solar Eclipse
The moon blocks part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen over a statue at the one of the city landmarks, the General Staff Headquarters in St.Petersburg, Russia, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)
Belarus Europe Solar EclipseBelarus Europe Solar Eclipse
The solar eclipse is reflected onto a white piece of cardboard during a viewing party in Minsk, Belarus, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/ Sergei Grits)
Belgium Europe Solar EclipseBelgium Europe Solar Eclipse
The moon blocks part of the sun during a partial eclipse over Brussels, Belgium, on Friday, March 20, 2015. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)
Belgium Europe Solar EclipseBelgium Europe Solar Eclipse
The moon blocks part of the sun during a partial eclipse over Brussels, Belgium on Friday, March 20, 2015. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)
Bosnia Europe Solar EclipseBosnia Europe Solar Eclipse
A solar eclipse is seen through a dark glass plate in Sarajevo, Bosnia , on Friday , March 20, 2015. Solar eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade.(AP Photo/Amel Emric)
Britain Europe Solar EclipseBritain Europe Solar Eclipse
The solar eclipse is partially visible above Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England Friday March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/PA, Andrew Matthews) UNITED KINGDOM OUT: NO SALES: NO ARCHIVE:
Britain Europe Solar EclipseBritain Europe Solar Eclipse
A combo of images showing from clockwise top left the phases of a solar eclipse as seen in Northumberland, England Friday March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/PA, Owen Humphreys) UNITED KINGDOM OUT: NO SALES: NO ARCHIVE:
Britain Europe Solar EclipseBritain Europe Solar Eclipse
The solar eclipse is seen through the clouds at Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Peter Morrison)
Britain Europe Solar EclipseBritain Europe Solar Eclipse
An owner places solar glasses on a dog in preparation to view the eclipse in Regent's Park in London, Friday, March 20, 2015. Unfortunately due to heavy cloud cover, the eclipse was not visible in London. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)
Britain Europe Solar EclipseBritain Europe Solar Eclipse
A view of the partial solar eclipse above the Angel of the North in Gateshead, England, Friday, March, 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Scott Heppell)
Cyprus Europe Solar EclipseCyprus Europe Solar Eclipse
The eclipse of the sun is seen from a camera screen, in central capital Nicosia, Cyprus, Friday, March 20, 2015. An eclipse is darkening parts of Europe on Friday in a rare solar event that won't be repeated for more than a decade. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias)
Denmark Europe Solar EclipseDenmark Europe Solar Eclipse
The solar eclipse as it appeared over the isle of Moen in Southeast Denmark, Friday March 20, 2014. Sky-gazers in some parts of Europe were treated to a perfect view of the solar eclipse Friday as the moon blocked out the sun in a clear sky, but many parts of the continent were obscured by cloud. (AP/Photo / Per Rasmussen, POLFOTO) DENMARK OUT